|“||We will never advance unless you resist the urge to seek solace in fantasy. You are atheists. Peaceful, technocratic. And it's the only path to progress.||”|
|— Mother to her Generation-1 children[src]|
Atheism is, in the broadest sense, an absence of belief in the existence of deities. In Raised by Wolves, the Atheists have become an anti-religious faction opposing the Mithraic, a radical religious faction dedicated to the sun god Sol.
On Earth, during the mid-22nd century, a war between the Mithraic and the Atheists tore the Earth apart and reduced humanity to two groups of people — the believers and the non-believers in Sol. As the Religious War caused the human race teetered on the edge of extinction, the Mithraic departed for the "new world" on the Heaven's Ark, while Atheist engineer Campion Sturges sent two androids to the planet Kepler-22b to start a peaceful, godless colony of human children.
The Mithraic won the Religious War, but at the cost of Earth no longer being habitable, suggesting that the only survivors from Earth are those of the Mithraic who boarded the Ark in 2145. This reduces the only surviving Atheists to those who live on Kepler-22b, within the colony started by the androids Mother and Father.
Faction Members Edit
Mother: "Belief in the unreal can comfort the human mind, but it also weakens it. The civilization you're seeding here will be built on humanity's belief in itself, not an imagined deity."
Campion: "And if it's not imagined? They [the Mithraic] won the war, after all. What if praying will make Spiria better?"
- The atheists lost the Religious War on Earth.